Galen on Nature

[There] are people who think that Nature is not artistic, that she does not show forethought for the animal’s welfare, and that she has absolutely no native powers whereby she alters some substances, attracts others, and discharges others.

Galen, On the Natural Faculties, I.12

In other words, it was believed by Galen that Nature was “artistic”, that is, actively working toward the welfare of creatures, with powers to effect good things for us.

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